Some questions have been present since the very first days of development economics but have gained increased attention in recent years: Has economic growth resulted in gains in standards of living and reductions in poverty via improved labor market conditions? How do the rate and character of economic growth, changes in the various employment and earnings indicators, and changes in poverty and inequality indicators relate to each other? Does progress take place even in circumstances of high inequality?
Fields has published more than 150 books and articles. His books include topics such as poverty, inequality, and development: Retirement, Pensions, and Social Security (with Olivia Mitchell), Distribution and Development: A New Look at the Developing World; Pathways out of Poverty (with Guy Pfeffermann), Bottom-Line Management, and Working Hard, Working Poor. In 2014 Fields received the IZA Prize in labour economics, the top award in the field.
He has held visiting professorships at the University of Nairobi (Kenya), Universidad de Los Andes (Colombia), University of Oxford (UK), University of Warwick (UK), London School of Economics (UK), the Paris School of Economics (France), Koç University (Turkey), and the Centre for Development Studies (India). Fields' research interests include economic development, global economy, international and comparative workplace studies, labour economics and labour market models, poverty and inequality, income mobility, wage differentials and inequality, leadership.
Mariana Viollaz has a PhD in Economics from the Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), Argentina. She is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Distributive, Labor and Social Studies (CEDLAS), at Universidad Nacional de La Plata. She was a postdoctoral fellow at the ILR School of Cornell University where she did research on the growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America during the 2000s. Her research is focused on labour and development economics in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Haroon Bhorat is a nonresident senior fellow in the Brookings Africa Growth Initiative. He is professor of economics and director of the Development Policy Research Unit at the University of Cape Town. His research interests cover labor economics, poverty, and income distribution. He has co-authored and co-edited a number of books on labor market and poverty issues in Africa. Bhorat has published more than 200 academic journal articles, book chapters, and working papers. In September 2019, Haroon was nominated to sit on the Presidential Economic Advisory Council (PEAC), established by President Ramaphosa to generate new ideas for economic growth, job creation, and addressing poverty.
3. We resolve, between now and 2030, to end poverty and hunger everywhere; to combat inequalities within and among countries; to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies; to protect human rights and promote gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls; and to ensure the lasting protection of the planet and its natural resources. We resolve also to create conditions for sustainable, inclusive and sustained economic growth, shared prosperity and decent work for all, taking into account different levels of national development and capacities.
14. We are meeting at a time of immense challenges to sustainable development. Billions of our citizens continue to live in poverty and are denied a life of dignity. There are rising inequalities within and among countries. There are enormous disparities of opportunity, wealth and power. Gender inequality remains a key challenge. Unemployment, particularly youth unemployment, is a major concern. Global health threats, more frequent and intense natural disasters, spiralling conflict, violent extremism, terrorism and related humanitarian crises and forced displacement of people threaten to reverse much of the development progress made in recent decades. Natural resource depletion and adverse impacts of environmental degradation, including desertification, drought, land degradation, freshwater scarcity and loss of biodiversity, add to and exacerbate the list of challenges which humanity faces. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and its adverse impacts undermine the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development. Increases in global temperature, sea level rise, ocean acidification and other climate change impacts are seriously affecting coastal areas and low-lying coastal countries, including many least developed countries and small island developing States. The survival of many societies, and of the biological support systems of the planet, is at risk.
Weeks, John and Stein, Howard(2012)'African poverty, gender and insecurity.' In: Stein, Howard and Fadlalla, Amal, (eds.), Gendered Insecurities, Health and Development in Africa. London: Routledge, pp. 124-142. (Routledge studies in development economics) 2b1af7f3a8